Raphael celebrated the greatest successes of his art in Rome, where he died 500 years ago. The numerous panels and murals that he completed there in little more than a decade still guarantee his world fame today. As a creator of pictures of perfect beauty, he achieved cult status, especially in the 19th century. Ludwig I. of Bavaria and his gallery director Johann Georg von Dillis revered him as the "King of Painting".
The 500th anniversary of Raphael's death is an occasion to recall the history of his fame and to reflect on how strongly he influenced the visual language of the modern Western world with his art. In the Alte Pinakothek, whose foundation stone was laid in 1826 on Raphael's birthday, the Florentine hall of the gallery therefore focuses on one of the master's early major works, the so-called "Holy Family Canigiani".